History – Edward III &The Hundred Years War

1330s  The Continental Alliance Edward employed the strategy of alliance making that had been adopted by Edward I in order to attempt to make gains in France. Key figures in Edward’s service such as John de Thrandeston and John de Montgomery set about creating these alliances in the 1330s. The network of alliances was primarily… Continue reading History – Edward III &The Hundred Years War

History – The Ottoman Empire

Background  The Ottoman Empire as founded by Osman I (1290-1326), the emir of a small province in Anatolia. Osman I and his son Orkhan won a series of successful victories against the Byzantines, resulting in their ability to claim the superior secular title sultan. The Ottoman state expanded significantly in the reign of Sultan Murad… Continue reading History – The Ottoman Empire

Philosophy – Miracles

What is a miracle? Miracle = miraculum (an object of wonder) Thomas Aquinas defined a miracle as: “that which has a divine cause, not that whose cause a human person fails to understand.” The notion of a “divine cause” reflects Aquinas’ Aristotelean inheritance. Aristotle argued that everything in existence has a nature, which moves it… Continue reading Philosophy – Miracles

Macroeconomics – Poverty and Inequality

Remember: No economics notes on Pret-a-Revise have diagrams Income: is a flow concept, and is the sum of all the earnings received through employing factors of production in a given period of time. e.g wages; interest rate on earnings; benefits (universal vs. means tested) Wealth: is a stock concept, and is defined as the stock… Continue reading Macroeconomics – Poverty and Inequality

Philosophy – The Conscience

  The nature and function of the conscience are, contrary to popular belief, very difficult to establish. The conscience is generally seen as a moral faculty, intuition, or judgement which compels individuals to uphold that particular activities are wrong not right. The conscience often results in people seeing different actions are morally justifiable or morally… Continue reading Philosophy – The Conscience

Macroeconomics – International Trade

Closed economy: – a country that does not take part in international trade is known as a ‘closed economy’. In a closed economy, the goods and services that its inhabitants can consume are limited to those which its own domestic resource base can produce. Similarly, demand is limited by the size of the population If… Continue reading Macroeconomics – International Trade

History – Propaganda in Nazi Germany

Censorship and Propaganda  Goebbels (the Minister of Propaganda) was very skilled and controlled all aspects of the media, arts, and entertainment.  Goebbels controlled the thoughts, opinions, and beliefs of the German people. It was important for the long-term future of the Third Reich that the majority of the population believed in the Nazi ideals. Goebbels… Continue reading History – Propaganda in Nazi Germany